Claudio Franceschi is professor of Immunology at the School of Medicine at University of Bologna, where he leads the Laboratory of Immunology. He is the founder and Director of Interdepartmental Center “L. Galvani” for studies on Bioinformatics and Biocomplexity and former Scientific Director of the Italian National Research Center on Aging, INRCA, Ancona, Italy, the largest Italian Institution of the Ministry of Health on research and care of the elderly. He has pioneered the field of the biological basis behind human longevity by proposing centenarians as models of successful aging and by conceptualising theories on human aging (“remodelling”; “inflamm-ageing”). Franceschi is also a member of the editorial board of several journals (Aging Res Review, Aging, Exp Gerontology, Mechanisms of Ageing and Development) and has coordinated many large EU projects on aging.